The National Seals of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
The Republic of China (Taiwan) has two types of national seals, the Seal of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the Seal of Honor. According to the Seal Statute, the legislative speaker bestows the Seal of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the Seal of Honor to the new president during the inauguration ceremony to symbolize the transition of power and political authority from the old government to the new government.
The Seal of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is used to authenticate the president's approval of official documents, including the ratification of treaties with foreign governments and other diplomatic papers. The Seal of Honor is used by the president to stamp certificates of national decorations as well as documents honoring specific persons.
The Seal of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
The Seal of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is the official seal of the state. It is used for marking credentials, instruments of ratification, instruments of acceptance, full powers, exequaturs, consular commissions, etc. This seal was made by the National Government after it achieved national unification in the wake of the Northward Expedition, and was first used on October 10, 1929.
Made of emerald jade, the seal weighs 3.2 kilograms and stands 10 cm in height, 4.3 cm being the height of the body and 5.7 cm being that of the handle. The face of the seal is 13.3 cm square.
The Seal of Honor
The Seal of Honor is the official seal with which the head of state confers honors and decorations. It is used for stamping medal certificates, citations, commendatory plaques, and other such items.
This seal was made by the National Government after it achieved national unification following the Northward Expedition, and was first used on July 1, 1931.
Made of sheep's suet white jade, the seal weighs 4.3 kilograms and stands 11.1 cm in height, 4.6 cm being the height of the body and 6.5 cm being that of the handle. The face of the seal is 13.6 cm square.
Because the seal is made of such a highly precious, rarely found material, and because the size of its face is bigger than those of ordinary seals, special care must be taken in using it so that its body will not be damaged and the color of the imprints will be even. The steps of using are to fix the seal in a face-up setting, cover the face of the seal with cinnabar oil ink, fix the document sheet for marking face down, and apply pressure evenly on the back of the sheet. The whole process is something like making a rubbing.